dental anatomy

If you ask the average person about dental anatomy, they’ll probably just tell you that your mouth has teeth and a tongue. While they aren’t wrong, there’s so much more to your mouth than that. Not only are there different types of teeth, but there are also different components to your teeth. To give you a quick little lesson in dental anatomy, here’s HomeTown Dental’s Irving dentist.

Types of Teeth

It should come as no surprise that you have more than one type of tooth. How else do you think you’re able to cut, grab and chew food? These are the different types of teeth:

  • Incisors – Used for cutting food, these sharp, chisel-shaped teeth are your front eight teeth (four top and four bottom)
  • Canines – Also referred to as cuspids, these are pointed teeth that are used for tearing and grabbing food and will be on either side of your incisors (two top and two bottom)
  • Premolars – With two points cusps on the biting surface, these teeth are also referred to as bicuspids and assist in crushing and tearing food (four top and four bottom)
  • Molars – Equipped with multiple cusps on the biting surface, molars are used for grinding and chewing food (six top and six bottom – consisting of 6-year molars, 12-year molars and wisdom teeth)

Parts of Your Teeth

So while you have various types of teeth, they all have the same internal structure. Now, let’s take a closer look at these different pieces of your teeth.

  • Crown – This is the top part of your tooth and the part you most commonly see. The crown’s shape depends on the specific tooth’s function.
  • Root – This is the two-thirds of the tooth that is embedded in bone and serves as the anchor to keep your tooth in place.
  • Enamel – The hardest and outer part of your tooth, the enamel protects your teeth but can be damaged by decay.
  • Dentin – The layer under the enamel, dentin has millions of tiny tubes that lead directly to the hypersensitive pulp.
  • Pulp – The soft tissue found in the center of your teeth, the pulp is where all the tooth’s nerve tissue and blood vessels are located.

We hope this brief overview of dental anatomy gives you a better understanding of your different types of teeth and their components. For more dental health info and to ensure your whole family is in great smiling shape, schedule an appointment with HomeTown Dental’s Irving Dentist.

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